GMOs



Why are GMOs bad? They aren’t. They just aren’t, not intrinsically, and certainly not for your health. We’ve been eating them for decades with no ill effects, which makes sense, because a genetically modified organism is simply an organism, like every other organism, produces hundreds of thousands of proteins, but one or two of them are proteins that were chosen specifically by humans.

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Sources:
GMO Salmon

A giant leap into the unknown: GM salmon that grows and grows

Its many detractors have called it the “Frankenfish”. They say it will leave poison on our dinner plates and spoil the marine environment. Its proponents, meanwhile, argue that a genetically modified salmon could help preserve the oceans and feed the world for decades to come.


http://www.aquabounty.com/products/products-295.aspx

How are GMOs Made

Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide

For several thousand years, farmers have been altering the genetic makeup of the crops they grow. Human selection for features such as faster growth, larger seeds or sweeter fruits has dramatically changed domesticated plant species compared to their wild relatives.


http://www.hudsonalpha.org/education/kits/gmod/gmos-made

Glycophosphate / Monsanto

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Do Seed Companies Control GM Crop Research?

Advances in agricultural technology-including, but not limited to, the genetic modification of food crops-have made fields more productive than ever. Farmers grow more crops and feed more people using less land. They are able to use fewer pesticides and to reduce the amount of tilling that leads to erosion.


http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/genetically-modified-organisms-gmos-transgenic-crops-and-732

Genetically Engineered Crops–What, How and Why

By the turn of the century, the number of people on Earth is expected to increase from the current 6.7 billion to 10 billion. How can we feed the growing population without further degrading the environment? Because the amount of land and water is limited, it is no longer possible to simply expand farmland to […]

Archive

Archive – California Agriculture

TRANSGENIC CROPS: HOW GENETICS IS PROVIDING NEW WAYS TO ENVISION AGRICULTURE

(August 2003) Even before the creation of transgenics, the alteration of crops to improve their production was performed through selection. In fact, this selection has been going on for thousands of years and only in the past few centuries has it become a dedicated science onto itself.

Bt-Corn: What It Is and How It Works | Entomology

Bt-corn is a type of genetically modified organism, termed GMO. A GMO is a plant or animal that has been genetically modified through the addition of a small amount of genetic material from other organisms through molecular techniques. Currently, the GMOs on the market today have been given genetic traits to provide protection from pests, tolerance to pesticides, or improve its quality.

AgBiosafety at UNL – Biotech Basic The Preocess of Plant Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is a new type of genetic modification. It is the purposeful addition of a foreign gene or genes to the genome of an organism. A gene holds information that will give the organism a trait. Genetic engineering is not bound by the limitations of traditional plant breeding.

Transgenic Plants – Genetic Engineering Techniques, Agricultural Applications

Genetic engineering also has been used in the battle against weeds. Bacterial genes allow crops to either degrade herbicides or be resistant to them. The herbicides that are used are generally very effective, killing most plants.

Researchers identify how insects resist Bt pesticides | Cornell Chronicle

Researchers identify how insects resist Bt pesticides For the first time, researchers have identified how cabbage looper caterpillars in the field develop resistance to the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which naturally occurs in the soil and on plants and has been developed into the most successful and widely used biological insecticide.

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http://www.chiefscientist.gov.au/2011/11/genetically-modified-food-explained/

Ready to eat: the first GM fish for the dinner table

A GM salmon which grows twice as fast as ordinary fish could become the first genetically-modified animal in the world to be declared officially safe to eat, after America’s powerful food-safety watchdog ruled it posed no major health or environmental risks.

Genetically Modified Crop on the Loose and Evolving in U.S. Midwest

Outside a grocery store in Langdon, N.D., two ecologists spotted a yellow canola plant growing on the margins of a parking lot this summer. They plucked it, ground it up and, using a chemical stick similar to those in home pregnancy kits, identified proteins that were made by artificially introduced genes.

Ready to eat: the first GM fish for the dinner table

A GM salmon which grows twice as fast as ordinary fish could become the first genetically-modified animal in the world to be declared officially safe to eat, after America’s powerful food-safety watchdog ruled it posed no major health or environmental risks.

How To Genetically Modify a Seed, Step By Step

ST. LOUIS – In a nondescript basement lab, jeans-clad engineers clutch blueprints, scrape stepladders across the unfinished floor and chat about the Cardinals as they tighten bolts on a new prototype device. At first glance, it could be any machine shop in the country.

Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary

This project was supported in part by the National Research Initiative Competitive Grants CAP project 2011-68002-30029 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, adminstered by the University of California-Davis and by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of Undergraduate Education, National SMETE Digital Library Program, Award #0938034, administered by the University of Nebraska.

Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary

This project was supported in part by the National Research Initiative Competitive Grants CAP project 2011-68002-30029 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, adminstered by the University of California-Davis and by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of Undergraduate Education, National SMETE Digital Library Program, Award #0938034, administered by the University of Nebraska.

Crop Scientists Say Biotechnology Seed Companies Are Thwarting Research

Biotechnology companies are keeping university scientists from fully researching the effectiveness and environmental impact of the industry’s genetically modified crops, according to an unusual complaint issued by a group of those scientists. “No truly independent research can be legally conducted on many critical questions,” the scientists wrote in a statement submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency.


http://benthamscience.com/open/tonutraj/articles/V004/3TONUTRAJ.pdf

Agriculture and Fisheries: Hybrid Seed Canola Production in the Maritimes

The Official Website of the Government of Prince Edward Island, Canada.